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邢定钰
发布日期:2015-12-15 来源:九三学社中央宣传部
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邢定钰(1945年2月3日—),出生于上海。物理学家。2007年当选为中国科学院院士,2008年5月加入九三学社。

1967年,邢定钰从南京大学物理系本科毕业,先是在泰州红旗农场按解放军编制劳动了一年多,后到徐州市半导体厂干了8年多。在厂里,身为技术骨干的他颇受重视,但他一直觉得在厂里做的那些工作,多是重复别人而已,创造性不多。

1978年研究生招考恢复以后,邢定钰重回阔别11年的母校。硕士阶段,他师从龚德昌教授,开始系统的理论物理学习和研究。毕业后,邢定钰留校任教,因科研和教学能力出色,1985年被破格晋升为副教授。1986年,邢定珏赴美国休斯敦大学物理系和德州超导研究中心做访问学者。当时该中心正位于国际超导研究的前沿。

这其间,邢定钰在科研上实现了一个飞跃。他在半导体热电子输运理论和高温超导理论方面做了一些工作,受到国际重视,发表在美国《物理评论》上的几篇论文被国际同行多次引用。诺贝尔奖获得者、英国剑桥大学Mott教授看到邢定珏解释高温超导体正常态输运性质的一个理论后,亲笔写信给邢定钰,表示对该文很感兴趣,并寄来了他的论文进行讨论。

访问学者期满后,邢定钰没有留恋国外优越的科研条件和丰厚的物质生活,和爱人一起回了国。他心里很清楚,在国外寄人篱下地搞科研,并不足以实现自己的抱负,只有在祖国的热土上,才能真正实现他的科研理想。

回校后,邢定钰很快晋升为教授、博导,这意味着可以按自己的想法去做研究了。邢定钰将关注点放到凝聚态理论的几个前沿问题研究上。他理论研究与实验相结合,在量子输运理论、巨磁电阻理论、高温超导电性、磁性纳米结构以及低维系统中相变等课题的研究中,取得了一系列创新成果。到2010年,他在SCI学术期刊发表论文300多篇,其中包括在美国的重要学术刊物《物理评论》上发表108篇、《物理评论快报》发表14篇,研究成果被国际同行广泛引用。

邢定钰主持和参加了多项国家级科研项目,担任攀登计划“纳米结构和纳米材料”(1998—2000)和“973”项目“人工带隙材料的物理机制、制备及其应用”专家组成员,以及国家自然科学基金委员会“理论物理专款学术领导小组”成员,现任国家重大科学研究项目“固体微结构的量子效应、调控及其应用”首席科学家。

1997年,邢定钰的研究成果“半导体热电子输运的非平衡统计理论”获江苏省科技进步奖一等奖。继而,他与合作者对磁性金属纳米结构和氧化物的巨磁电阻效应和理论做了系统和深入研究,其成果——自旋输运和巨磁电阻理论,获得2002年国家自然科学奖二等奖和2001年教育部中国高校自然科学奖一等奖。该理论是凝聚态物理学的一个国际前沿研究课题,在基础研究和应用前景方面有重大意义。2007年的诺贝尔物理学奖颁发给了发现“巨磁电阻”效应的两位科学家,现有电脑读写的磁头都是使用了这一效应。

邢定钰与合作者建立了包含自旋反转效应的铁磁隧道结的隧穿磁电阻公式,用以解释各类铁磁金属和氧化物隧道结以及隧穿型颗粒系统的巨磁电阻行为,并应邀在2002年美国物理学会年会上对该成果做报告。他们提出的掺杂锰氧化物中的庞磁电阻起因于温度诱导的安德逊型金属—绝缘体转变的模型成为国际上一个有影响的理论,被《物理评论快报》审稿人称为对庞磁电阻理论做出突出贡献,两篇主要论文被国内外同行的170多篇论著引用,引用作者来自美国、英国、法国、德国、俄罗斯、日本等20多个国家的著名大学和实验室。他们发展的一个金属薄膜的输运理论建立了一个联系半经典和量子理论的新公式,被国外同行连续在5篇论文的摘要中引用和在正文中详细介绍,并被引用和称为SXW(三位作者的英文姓缩写)理论。

作为科研工作者,邢定钰十分看重在逆境中的拼搏精神,以及与周围同事的团队合作。他谦逊地说:“如果说我在科研上取得一点成绩,绝对离不开老师们的培养、同事们的合作和学生们的努力,我从他们身上学到很多很多。”尤其在他在承担了一系列管理工作后,对此体会更深了。

1999年,时任物理系副主任的邢定钰被任命为南京大学固体微结构物理国家重点实验室主任。该实验室曾被世界著名的Nature杂志誉为在亚太地区(除日本之外)科学研究已接近世界先进水平的科研机构代表,拥有一支团结和谐、积极进取、思想活跃、学风严谨的科研梯队,不仅有冯端、王业宁、闵乃本3位中科院院士,还团结着一大批青年才俊。

责任感和使命感让邢定钰从来不敢懈怠,他说:“科学发展那么快,可以说每天都会有新的创见。人的一生就像长跑,你必须一直勤奋地跑下去,可能稍作休息,你就要落后了。我想,我也算个勤奋的人吧。”

在醉心科研的同时,邢定钰也非常重视教学工作。三尺讲台,是他与学生互动交流的平台。他在教学中深入浅出,着重物理图像的描述和基本理论的演绎,深得学生喜爱。并在2006年被南京大学浦口校区的本科生评为“我最喜爱的老师”,2008年被授予江苏省高等学校教学名师称号。2010年荣获“全国先进工作者”和“南京大学突出贡献奖”。

邢定钰现任第十一届全国政协委员,南京大学物理系教授,南京微结构国家实验室(筹)主任,“量子调控”国家重大科学研究计划的项目首席科学家,《物理学报》和ChinesePhysicsB的副主编以及三个国际物理学期刊的编委。他还担任国务院学位委员会第六届学科评议组物理学、天文学组成员,第六届科学技术委员会数理学部委员,以及中国物理学会第十一届凝聚态理论和统计物理专业委员会主任。目前,他正在筹建的国家实验室拥有研究人员160多人,包括中科院院士11人、长江计划特聘教授20人、国家杰出青年基金获得者27人、“千人计划”3人。他们正在为创建国际一流的研究平台而努力工作。

主要论著

1DYXing,CDGong,On the Proximity Structures,Physica B,1981,108,987

2DYXing,CSTing,Greens Function Approach to Transient Hotelectron Transport in Semiconductors Under an Electric Field,PhysRev,1987,B 35: 3971

3DYXing,PHu,CSTing,Balance Equations for Steady-State Hot-electron Transport in the Approach of the Nonequilibrium Statistical Operator,PhysRev ,1987,B 35:6379

4DYXing,MLiu,CSTing,Theoretical Calculation of Normal-State Resistivity of High Tc Oxide Materials,PhysRev,1988,B 37:9769

5DYXing,MLiu,CSTing,Analytical Approach to Diffusion of Hot Carriers in Ntype GaAs with  ГLX  Band Structure,PhysRev,1988,B 37: 10283

6DYXing,CSTing,Two-Band Model of Anisotropic Hall Effect in High Tc YBaCuO,PhysRev,1988,B 38:R5134

7DYXing,MLiu,CSTing,OutofPlane Transport Mechanism in High Tc Oxide YBaCuO,PhysRev1988,B38:R11992

8DYXing,MLiu,Single-Band Model of Normal-State Transport Properties of High Tc Copper Oxides,PhysRev,1991,B 43:3744

9DYXing,MLiu,CDGong,Van Hove Singularity and Isotope Effect in High Tc Copper Oxides,PhysRev,1991,B 44:12525

10DYXing,MLiu,CDGong,Comment on “Anomolous Isotope Effect and van Hove Singularity in Superconducting Cu Oxides”,PhysRevLett,1992,68: 1090

11MLiu,DYXing,Analytical Approach to the Camley-Barnas Theory for Giant Magnetoresistance in Magnetic Layered Structures,PhysRev,1993,B47: 12272

12DYXing,CSTing,Many-Body Effect on the Energy Loss Rate of Hot Electrons,PhysRevLett,1994,72:2812

13MLiu,DYXing,Temperature Behavior of the OutofPlane resistivity in SingleCrystal Y Ba2Cu3O7-x,PhysRev,1994,B 49:682

14DYXing,PHHor,Hysteresis in the Low-Temperature Photoconductivity of C60 films,AHamed,PhysRev,1994,B 50:11219

15LSheng,DYXing,Path-Integral Approach to the Quasiclassical Theory for Giant Magnetoresistance in Magnetic Multilayers,PhysRev,1994,B50: 1001

16DYXing,MLiu,JMDong,ZDWang,Thermoelectric Power of Hot Carriers in the Nonequilibrium Statistical Operator Approach,PhysRev, 1995,B51:2193

17LSheng,DYXing,ZDWang,Transport Theory in Matellic Films: Crossover from Classical to Quantum Regime,PhysRev,1995,B51:7325

18LSheng,ZDWang,DYXing,JXZhu,Semiclassical Transport Theory of Inhomogeneous Systems,PhysRev,1996,B B53:8203

19RYGu,LSheng,DYXing,JMDong,Macroscopic Theory of Giant Magnetoresistance in Magnetic Granular Metals,PhysRev,1996,B B53:11685

20LSheng,DYXing,DNSheng,CSTing,Theory of Colossal Magnetoresistance in R1-xAxMnO3,PhysRevLett,1997:79:1710

21LSheng,DYXing,DNSheng,CSTing,Metal-Insulator Transition in the Mixed-Valence,Manganites,PhysRev,1997,B 56:R7053

22MLiu,DYXing,ZDWang,Mixed (s+id)-wave Order Parameter in the Van Hove Scenario,PhysRev,1997,B55:3181

23LSheng,DYXing,ZDWang,JDong,Quasiclassical Approach to Magnetotransport in Magnetic Inhomogeneous Sytems,PhysRev,1997,B 55:5908 

24RYGu,LSheng,DY,Xing,JDong,SpinDependent Scattering from Correlated Impurities at Interfaces,PhysRev,1997,B 55:14450

25FZhong,JDong,DYXing,Scaling of Hysteresis in Pure and Disordered Ising Models: Comparison with Experimets,PhysRevLett,1998,80:1118

26BYZhu,JDong,DYXing,Disorder Effect on Melting Transitions of Vortex Lattices with Periodic Pinning,PhysRev,1998,B 57:5063

27PLyu,DYXing,JDong,Tunneling Magnetoresistance in MixedValence Manganite Tunneling Junctions,PhysRev,1998,B58:54

28YQi,DYXing,JDong,Relation between Julliere and Slonczewski Models of Tunneling Magnetoresistance,PhysRev,1998,B 58:2783

29RYGu,DYXing,ZDWang,SpinFlip Effects on the CurrentinPlane Magnetotransport in Magnetic Multilayers with Arbitrary Magnetization Alignments,PhysRev,1998,B 58:11142

30LSheng,HYTeng,DYXing,Boltzmann Equation for Spin-Dependence Transport in Magnetic Inhomogeneous Systems,PhysRev,1998,B 58:6428

31DYXing,SJXiong,DFeng,Metal-Insulator Transition below the Curie Temperature in Layered Manganites,PhysRev,1998,B 58:14139

32ZZheng,YQi,DYXing,JDong, Oscillating Tunneling Magnetoresistance in Magnetic Double-Tunnel-Junction Structure,PhysRev,1999,B 59:14505

33BYZhu,DYXing,ZDWang,BRZhao,ZXZhao,Sign Reversal of the Mixed-State Hall Resistivity in Type II Superconductors,PhysRev,1999,B 60 :3080

34PLyu,DYXing,JDong,Temperature Dependence of Tunneling Magnetoresistance in Manganite Tunnel Junctions,PhysRev,1999,B 60:4235

35DYXing,MLiu,YGWang,JDong,Analytic Approach to Antiferromagnetic van Hove Singularity Model for High-Tc Superconductors,PhysRev,1999,B 60 :9775

36YXiong,SJXiong,DYXing,Localization Effect of Ordered and Disordered Orbital polarization in a Simplified Doubled Exchange Model,PhysRev,2000,B 61:1240

37JWang,DYXing,JDong,Phase Separation Effect in Cuprate Superconductors,PhysRev,2000,B 62:9827

38JWang,WYZhang,DYXing,Magnetic Structure of the Layered Perevskite LaSrCoO,PhysRev,2000,B 62:14145

39ZMZheng,DYXing,GYSun,JMDong,Andreev Reflection Effect on Spinpolarized Transport in Ferromagnet/Superconductor/Ferromagnet Double Tunnel Junctions,PhysRev,2000,B 62:14326

40ZCDong,DYXing,ZDWang,ZMZheng,JDong,Anomaly of Zerobias Conductance Peaks in Ferromagnet/d-Wave Superconductor Junctions,PhysRev, 2001,B 63:144520

41JWang,WYZhang,DYXing,Spin States of the Co Ion in chargeordered YBaCo2O5,PhysRev,2001,B 64:064418

42PChen,DYXing,YWDu,Positive Magnetoresistance from Quantum Interference Effects in Perovskite-type Manganites,PhysRev,2001,B 64:104402

43PChen,DYXing,YWDu,JMZhu,DFeng,Giant RoomTemperature Magnetoresistance in Polycrystalline Zn0:41Fe2:59O4 with αFe2O3 Grains Boundaries,PhysRevLett,2001,87:107202

44ZHShu,JMDong,DYXing,Comment on “Charge-Orbital Stripe Structure in La1-xCaxMnO3 (x=1/2,2/3)”,PhysRevLett,2001,86:6049

45XFJiang,DYXing,HChen,Theory for Lowlying Exitations in Spin- Peierls System GuGeO3,Phys,Rev,2001,B 65:054421

46XWLi,ZMZheng,DYXing,GYSun,ZCDong,Josephson Current in Ferromagnet-superconductor Tunnel Junction,Phys,Rev,2002,B 65:134507

47GYSun,DYXing,JDong,MLiu,Gapless Superconductivity in Ferromagnet/Superconductor Junctions,Phys,Rev,2002,B 65:174508

48ZCDong,DYXing,JDong,Quantum Interference Effects on Tunneling Conductance and Shot Noise in Ferromagnet/Ferromagnet/d Wave Superconductor Double Tunnel Junctions,PhysRev,2002,B 65:214512

49JWang,WYZhang,DYXing,Role of Jahn-Teller Effect in the Charge Ordered State of YBaM2O5 (M=Co,Mn),PhysRev,2002,B 66:052410

50YHYang,DYXing,MLiu,YGWang,Existence of Extended States in Disordered Two-dimensional Crystals with a Half Filled Band,PhysRev, 2002,B 66:205310

51JJiang,JMDong,DYXing,Quantum Interference in Carbon Nanotube Electron Resonators,PhysRevLett,2003,91:56802

52RShen,ZMZheng,DYXing,Is there Coexistence of Itinerant Ferromagnetism and Swave Superconductivity,PhysRevLett,2003,91:69702

53LSheng,DYXing,HYTeng,DNDong,Random Walk Simulation of Magnetotransport in Magnetic Granular Systems,PhysRev,2003,B 68:132401

54JWang,HBSun,DYXing,Rashba Spin Precession in a Magnetic Field,PhysRev,2004,B 69:085304

55LSheng,DYXing,DNSheng,Theory of Impurity Resonant Tunnel Magnetoresistance,PhysRev,2004,B 69:132414

56YHYang,DYXing,MLiu,MFYang,Weaklocalization Theory for Quasiparticle Dynamical Conductivities of Disordered Dwave Superconductors,PhysRev,2004,B 69:144517

57LSheng,DYXing,DNSheng,Theory of the Zero-bias Anomaly in Magnetic Tunnel Junctions: Inelastic Tunneling Via Impurities,PhysRev,2004,B 70:094416

58LBShao,DYXing,Spin Injection into Semiconductors Driven by a Spin Battery,PhysRev,2004,B 70:R201205

59JPeng,BGWang,DYXing,Tunable Andreev Reflection in an Aharonovbohm Interferometer,PhysRev,2005,B 71:214523

60BGWang,JPeng,DYXing,JWang,Spin Current due to Spinlike Andreev Reflection,PhysRevLett,2005,95:086608

61JWang,KSChan,DYXing,Voltagecontrollable Spin Polarization of Current,PhysRev,2005,B72:115311

62JWang,KSChan,DYXing,Intrinsic Oscillation of Spin Accumulation Induced by Rashba Spin-orbital Interaction,PhysRev,2006,B 73:033316

63LHao,JWang,DYXing,Photoinduced Insulator-metal Transition in the Doped Manganites Pr0:55(Ca0:75Sr0:25)0:45MnO3and Pr0:7Ca0:3MnO3: Electronic Structure from a Selfconsistent Mean-field Approach,PhysRev,2006,B 74: 014440

64ZPNiu,DYXing,Spintriplet Pairing States in Ferromagnet/Ferromagnet/ D-wave Superconductor Heterojunctions with Noncollinear Magnetizations,PhysRevLett,2007,98:057005

65RQWang,BGWang,DYXing,Spin Valve Effect in a Magnetic Nanoelectromechanical Shuttle,PhysRevLett,2008,100:117206

66RQWang,BGWang,DYXing,Diodelike Effect in Nanoelectromechanical Shuttle Devices,PhysRev,2008,B 78:075434

67Ruiqiang Wang,DYXing,Misalignment of Transverse Anisotropies as a Mechanism for Suppression of Kondo Effect in Largespin Single Molecule Magnets,PhysRev,2009,B 79:193406

68RShen,LBShao,BGWang,and DYXing,Single Dirac Cone with a Flat Band Touching on Line-centered-square Optical Lattices,PhysRev,2010,B 81 :041410(R)

69DYou,LSheng,DYXing,Effective Circuit Theory for the Cusplike Zero-bias Anomaly in Tunneling Magnetoresistance,PhysRev,2010,B 81:052402 

70CDFeng,ZMZheng,RShen,BGWang,DYXing,Zerobias Conductance Vanishing Induced by the Same-spin-band Andreev Reflection in Half-metallic Ferromagnet/Supercon Ductor Contacts,PhysRev,2010,B 81:224510

71GQHaung,ZWXing,DYXing,Spinphonon Coupling and Effect of Pressure in the Superconductor LiFeAs: Lattice Dynamics from First-principles Calculations,PhysRev,2010,B 82:014511

72RQWang,LSheng,RShen,BGWang,DYXing,Thermoelectric Effect in Single-molecule-magnet Junctions,PhysRevLett,2010,105:057202